Formal Correlations between Ugaritic, Arabic, and Biblical Hebrew Verbal Stems



SC active
PC active
SC passive
PC passive
Ptcp act
Ptcp pass
G
I
Qal
qatala
faʿala
qātal
yaqtala
yafʿalu
yiqtōl
qutala
fuʿila
yuqtalu
yufʿalu
qātilu
fāʿilun
qōtēl
qatūlu
mafʿūlun
qātūl
D
II
Piel
qittala
faʿʿala
qittēl
yaqattilu
yufaʿʿilu
yeqattēl
quttila
fuʿʿila
quttal
yaqattalu
yufaʿʿalu
yequttal
muqattilu
mufaʿʿilun
meqattēl
maqattalu?
mufaʿʿalun
mequttal
N
VII
Niphal
naqtala
infaʿala
niqtal
yiqqatilu
yanfaʿilu
yeqātēl
NA
NA
niqtalu
munfaʿilun
niqtāl
NA
munfaʿalun
NA
Š
IV
Hiphil
šaqti/ala
ʾafʿala
hiqtîyl
yašaqtilu
yufʿilu
yaqtîyl
šuqtala
ʾufʿila
hu/oqtal
yušaqtalu
yufʿalu
yu/oqtal
mušaqtilu
mufʿilun
maqtîyl
*mušaqtalu?
mufʿalun
mu/oqtal
Gt
VIII
ʾiqtatila
iftaʿala
yiqtatilu
yaftaʿilu
NA
uftiʿila
NA
yuftaʿalu
muftaʿilun
*
muftaʿalun
tD
V
Hithpael
taqattala
tafaʿʿala
hitqattēl
yVtqattalu
yatafaʿʿalu
yitqattēl
NA
tufuʿʿilu
NA
NA
yutafaʿʿalu
NA
mutafaʿʿilun
mitqattēl
*
mutafaʿʿalun
NA
L
III
Pōʕēl
qālala
fāʿala
qōtēl
yaqālilu
yufāʿilu
NA?
NA
fūʿila
qōtal
NA
yufāʿalu
NA?
mufāʿilun
*
mufāʿalun
R
Pilpēl
qalqala
qilqēl
yaqalqilu
NA
NA


qatlal
qataltal






Comments:
Arabic VIth stem would correspond to a theoretical and unattested tL-stem in Ugaritic.
Arabic Xth stem corresponds to Hebrew Ištaphel, but is unattested in Ugaritic.